The Basics of Water Filtration and Purification
Innovative Office Water Filters in Yorba Linda, CA and Beyond
Stage 1 – Sediment Filtration
Sediment Filtration is an effective method for reducing turbidity in water caused by the presence of suspended solids such as silt, sand or clay. Sediment Filters remove suspended matter such as sand, dirt, rust, loose scale, clay or organic material from the water.
Untreated water passes through a filter medium which traps suspended matter. Sediment filters can remove insoluble (not dissolvable) or suspended iron and manganese. Sediment filters are often used with other processes such as Activated Carbon Filtration, Reverse Osmosis Filtration, Aeration, Ozonation and Chlorination.
Water sediment filters are used in water filtration and purification systems to remove the majority of elemental sediment from the water.
Stage 2 – Carbon Filtration
Carbon is an extremely versatile and highly effective water treatment medium. It is also an unchallenged taste and odor improver. Carbon Filters work so well because of their large surface area. A single pound of carbon has a filtering surface area equivalent to 125 acres! This allows Carbon Filters to absorb a large amount of chemicals and substances that pose serious dangers to your water supply. It is the best-known treatment for organic chemicals, VOCs, pesticides, herbicides, chlorine and its by-products. Many of these substances can cause cancer, neurological problems, and other health risks if ingested in large quantities.
Carbon Block Filters and Granular Activated Carbon Filters can be made of varying materials, including coconut shells, which provide an eco-friendly solution for your drinking water filtration system.
Putting a Sediment Filter in front of an Activated Carbon Filter may greatly increase the life of the Carbon Filter.
Stage 3 – Reverse Osmosis
In a Reverse Osmosis bottleless water dispenser, your regular water pressure pushes the water through a semipermeable membrane and additional filters to remove impurities, which are then flushed down the drain. This drinking water filtration system is called “reverse” osmosis because the pressure forces the water to flow in the reverse direction of natural osmosis—from the high-concentrated solution to the diluted solution.
Reverse Osmosis water filters remove a wide range of contaminants and minerals from your drinking water, including sand, chlorine, fluoride, cryptosporidium, and hexavalent chromium.
Reverse Osmosis bottleless water dispensers can remove 90% of total dissolved solids (TDS) from water to provide the purest drinking water available for your office or business.
Optional Stage – Ultraviolet Light
Ultraviolet (UV) Light systems destroy 99.99% of harmful microorganisms without adding chemicals or changing your water’s taste or odor. UV water purification is usually used with other forms of filtration such as reverse osmosis systems, activated carbon filters, or sediment filters.
UV systems are used to kill bacteria primarily in untreated well water systems or where the water quality is uncertain.
Optional Stage – Ozone Sanitizer
Ozone Water Purification is the most effective FDA approved water purification method for eradicating toxins that are found in water. Ozone, also known as O3, is a highly powerful oxidant that inactivates pesticides, fungus, organic materials, contaminates and viruses much more potently than chlorine.
Ozone Sanitization kills bacterial growth by diffusing ozone into the water in the holding tank.
Optional Stage – Alkaline Filtration
Alkaline water has a higher pH level than regular drinking water. Because of this, it is believed that alkaline water can neutralize the acid in your body. Alkaline water also contains alkaline minerals and negative oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). ORP is the ability of water to act as an antioxidant. The more negative the ORP value, the more antioxidizing it is.
For best results, Alkaline filtration should be used as part of a multi-component water purification system such as Sediment Filtration, Carbon Filtration, or Reverse Osmosis Filtration.